Europe Edition: France, Ukraine, Uber: Your Monday Briefing

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The realization that even the country’s most guarded places are not safe only compounded the trauma and anxiety over what could come next.

Meanwhile, in Denmark, the case of Zarmena Waziri, above, a 70-year-old Afghan woman with dementia, has captured headlines as the authorities have ordered her to leave her family and return to her native country.

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Credit Tara Todras-Whitehill for the New York Times

• In Tunisia, the Truth and Dignity Commission, which seeks accountability over the country’s past horrors, has opened a Pandora’s box of emotions.

“I am not denouncing people but the system,” one victim said.

Even former President Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali was said to have watched the proceedings from exile in Saudi Arabia.

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Credit Jose Luis Magana/Associated Press

• The International Monetary Fund is reluctant to commit new loans to a nearly bankrupt Greece, reflecting a widely held view among its officials (and in the White House) that the fund had overextended itself.

Athens faces a 7 billion euro debt repayment in July, which it may not be able to meet if the I.M.F. and Europe cannot reach a new bailout agreement.

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Credit Bryan Denton for The New York Times

An old paper trail offers new evidence of Turkish complicity in the Armenian genocide, widely acknowledged as the first of the 20th century.

A historian has unearthed what he calls “the smoking gun”: an original telegram from post-World War I trials that convicted the planners. Above, a site where Armenians were said to have been killed.

Separately, “The Ottoman Lieutenant,” a new film backed by Turkish investors, has been pilloried by critics for whitewashing Turkish actions in the genocide.

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Business

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Credit Illustration by T.S. Abe for The New York Times

• In his quest to build Uber into the world’s dominant ride-hailing entity, Travis Kalanick, the company’s hard-driving chief, has at times brought the business, and himself, to the precipice.

Fox News’s decision to cut ties with its biggest star, Bill O’Reilly, reflects the rising influence of a new generation at 21st Century Fox: Rupert Murdoch’s sons, James and Lachlan.

Not so Dickensian anymore: For the first time since the Industrial Revolution, Britain went a day without burning coal for power, a milestone that heartened climate activists.

Here’s a snapshot of global markets.

In the News

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Credit Alexander Ermochenko/Reuters

An American member of the European monitoring mission in eastern Ukraine was killed and two other people were injured when their vehicle drove over a land mine. [Reuters]

Kuki Gallmann, one of Kenya’s most renowned conservationists, was shot by armed pastoralists, the latest sign of chaos ripping through a country facing a drought. [The New York Times]

North Korea appears to have resumed work at its nuclear test site after a perplexing series of volleyball matches were held there. [The New York Times]

• Joachim Gauck, the former president of Germany, will be the first statesman from the country to attend Israel’s official ceremony honoring the end of Holocaust Remembrance Day today. [The New York Times]

• Peggy Whitson, the first woman to command the International Space Station, is on the verge of setting a U.S. record for most accumulated time in space: 534 days. [Associated Press]

Smarter Living

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Credit Brian Rea

There’s no one rule for staying married, but being able to embrace change sure helps.

• Impactful activities may be just that: Running and jumping can improve bone health. But brisk walks and other light, whole-body vibration exercises help, too.

• Recipe of the day: Make a better chicken salad. No, wait: Make the best.

Noteworthy

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Credit Oscar Del Pozo/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

Lionel Messi scored in the last minute of a nail-biter el Clásico to give Barcelona a 3-2 win over Real Madrid.

• After some rest and relaxation in French Polynesia, Barack Obama returns to Chicago today for his first public event as a former president.

• Smoking a cigarette was a criminal act that could earn 20 lashes when the Islamic State ruled northern Iraq. Now it’s an (unhealthy) sign of freedom.

• The Times Magazine profiled six artists reshaping their crafts. Among them is Studio Swine, a London-based (but globe-trotting) design duo driven by an obsession with sustainability.

• And a two-century-old statue of a naked George Washington is coming from Italy to the United States for the first time.

Back Story

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Credit NASA, via Reuters

Take a moment to appreciate the Hubble Space Telescope, which launched aboard the shuttle Discovery on this day in 1990. For 27 years, it has sent us images of far-distant celestial wonders, captured in stunning detail.

The $1.5 billion telescope is the length of a school bus and orbits the Earth at about 17,000 miles an hour. It’s expected to keep working until at least 2020.

The Hubble’s first pictures lacked clarity because of major flaws with the telescope’s mirror, necessitating a repair trip. All in all, the telescope has required five major repairs, replacements or upgrades, the last of which was in 2009.

The reward? Gorgeous photographs, like the one above of the so-called Pillars of Creation, part of the Eagle Nebula nearly 7,000 light years from Earth. And this recent close-up of Jupiter, 415 million miles away.

Its successor, NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope, is scheduled to launch in 2018. This telescope, equipped with a much bigger mirror, is designed to see deeper into space than the Hubble, and may solve mysteries about how the first stars and galaxies were created.

Interested in more from the Hubble? You can follow its adventures on Twitter.

Des Shoe contributed reporting.

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Source: New York Times

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