My France: Le Pen and Macron, in Their Own Words

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— Ms. Le Pen, at a rally in April in Marseille, a city with many immigrants. She has pledged to clamp down on, expel, stamp out and restrict immigration, and to make France more French.”

“The duty of Europe is to offer asylum to those who are persecuted and seek its protection. It is also helping to address the causes of migratory movements — underdevelopment, famines, climatic disorders. But the European Union cannot accept on its soil all those who are in search of a better life. In this context, France must take its fair share in the reception of refugees.”

— Mr. Macron, on his website

“We’ve got Islamists in our country. The demands are incessant.”

— Ms. Le Pen, in a debate among the five major candidates in March

“I want to help with Muslim integration. If you follow the line of Marine Le Pen, you create a civil war.”

— Mr. Macron, in an interview this year

“We are being submerged by a flood of immigrants that are sweeping all before them. There are prayers in the street, cafes that ban women and young women who get threatening looks if they wear a skirt. I will say when I become president that this is not the French way. … If we carry on like this, the whole of France will become a gigantic no-go zone. … A multicultural society is a society that has multiple conflicts.”

— Ms. Le Pen, at the rally in Marseille in April, in The Times of London

“There is not a French culture. There is a culture in France, and it is diverse.”

— Mr. Macron, in a speech in February, according to the website FrenchElection.online

“More and more are coming from the third world, taking advantage of our benefits. It’s a choice of civilization. I will be the president of those French who want to continue living in France as the French do.”

— Ms. Le Pen, at the rally in Marseille

“There are two projects facing each other. There’s Marine Le Pen’s project of a fractured, closed France. On the other hand, you have my project, which is a republican, patriotic project aiming at … reconciling France.”

— Mr. Macron, who called Ms. Le Pen’s National Front “xenophobic,” during a visit to a sports complex in Sarcelles, a working-class immigrant suburb of Paris, in April, according to The Associated Press

“Expulsion. It’s the law, it’s French law.”

— Ms. Le Pen, on “60 Minutes”

“I am for an open society. I am for a progressive world. I do not propose to reform France; I propose to transform it at its deepest level.”

— Mr. Macron, in an interview with The New York Times

‘This Imponderable Threat’

“Islamic extremism must be crushed.”

— Ms. Le Pen, after the deadly Bataclan terrorist attacks in Paris in 2015, according to The Guardian

“This imponderable threat, this threat, will be a fact of daily life in the coming years.”

— Mr. Macron, after a gunman tied to the Islamic State killed a police officer on the Champs-Élysées in April

“The hate preachers must be expelled. The Islamist mosques must be closed.”

— Ms. Le Pen, after the Champs-Élysées attack, according to CNN. “It is time to stop being naïve,” she told RFI radio, and she has said that if elected, she would deport all foreign citizens on the terrorism watch list

“Democratic states must have access to content exchanged between terrorists on social media and instant messaging.”

— Mr. Macron, who says he wants to force internet companies to release encrypted messages between people suspected of terrorism, according to the BBC

“How can we think we are protected if terrorists can move around freely, if weapons can circulate freely? I am the president who will protect you.”

— Ms. Le Pen, in Nice (which she called a “martyr city of Islamic terrorism”) in April, according to The Washington Post. A man drove a truck into a crowd there in July 2016, killing more than 80 people

Religion, Burkinis and Bardot

“Everyone has the right to practice their religion, to worship as they choose. My war is against Islamic fundamentalism.

— Ms. Le Pen, on “60 Minutes”

“The French are not Islamophobic, but radical Islam is scary.

— Mr. Macron, on his website

“France isn’t burkinis on the beach. France is Brigitte Bardot. That’s France.

— Ms. Le Pen, on “60 Minutes”

“Secularism is at the heart of the French national pact. It is a principle of freedom which allows, in public space and republican fraternity, living together in the respect of one another. The republic must allow everyone to live in the intensity of their convictions, as long as doing so does not interfere with the convictions of others or with established rules.

— Mr. Macron, on his website

“I’m opposed to wearing head scarves in public places. That’s not France. There’s something I just don’t understand: The people who come to France, why would they want to change France, to live in France the same way they lived back home?”

— Ms. Le Pen, on “60 Minutes.” Ms. Le Pen would also ban skullcaps in public, any conspicuous symbol of religious belief, she said.

“At least two-thirds of Muslim women do not wear the veil, and French Muslims are more interested in the social issue than in identity issues. … Too many Frenchmen confuse secularism and the prohibition of religious manifestations — and some make this confusion their business.”

— Mr. Macron, on his website

“We don’t have a lot of Sikhs in France. We’ve got some. But we don’t really hear much from them or about them. Which is good news.”

— Ms. Le Pen, on “60 Minutes”

“The trap you are falling into, Madame Le Pen, with your provocations, is to divide society. [You are making] enemies out of more than four million French men and women whose religion happens to be Islam.”

— Mr. Macron, firing back at Ms. Le Pen during the debate of the five major candidates in March

‘A Knife Stuck in Our Ribs’

“I want to bring the E.U. to its knees, and if it won’t submit, you will bring it to its knees through your determination and through the referendum.”

— Ms. Le Pen, to supporters at a rally in April, according to The Times of London

“The European Union remains the best guarantee of peace on the Continent.”

— Mr. Macron, from his platforms website

“Either you reform and you give us back our sovereignty and independence over the currency, or I will propose that France leaves the union.”

— Ms. Le Pen, to Europe 1 radio in 2014, according to The New Statesman

“Look, do you want to strengthen Europe, to have a strong, reformed France, or do you just want to leave this world and return to the 19th century? What Le Pen proposes does not fly even for a second.”

— Mr. Macron, from his website

“The euro is mostly a knife stuck in our ribs to make us go where others want us to go.”

Ms. Le Pen, who wants to pull France out of the euro and restore the franc, at a rally in April, according to Reuters

“What you are proposing, Madame Le Pen, is a reduction in French people’s spending power because, by withdrawing from the euro, for savers, workers, it’s a reduction in spending power.”

— Mr. Macron, in The Daily Telegraph in April

‘Made in France’

“Globalization can be a great opportunity.”

— Mr. Macron, on the campaign trail

“The main thing at stake in this election is the rampant globalization that is endangering our civilization.”

— Ms. Le Pen, in a speech to supporters

“Globalization is a tough fight because everyone does not always respect the rules, a fight that takes into account the size of the competitors will not win alone. We will therefore make the protection of industry a major focus of the reinvention of the European Union.”

— Mr. Macron on his website for his economic plan for a “new growth model”

“We will reduce the corporate tax rate to the European average of 25%.”

— Mr. Macron, in his policy statements

“Trade has always existed, but we used to defend our strategic interests. Could you imagine the United States allowing [the French engineering giant] Alstom to purchase General Electric? I don’t think so. And I don’t want [Germany’s] Siemens to buy Alstom. I want Alstom to remain French. That is strategically important for my country’s independence.”

— Ms. Le Pen, in Der Spiegel

“We will make France a land of experimentation, where it will be simpler and faster to experiment with new industrial solutions.”

— Mr. Macron, on his website

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